Television & New Media,
Winter 2014

Despite the now central position of visual effects (VFX) in contemporary Hollywood productions, this sector of the media industry has been in turmoil for over a decade. Curtin and Vanderhoef analyze the increasingly globalized mode of production in the VFX industry, critically examining the specific practices and protocols of the VFX business and framing them around the 2013 bankruptcy of famed VFX studio Rhythm & Hues. Taking a middle-range approach, this essay connects specific local labor conditions to broader trends in the media industries.